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In the previous article in this series of articles, I discussed genetic engineering. For this final article, I will discuss local digital manufacturing. Here is a list of innovations:

Predecessor Innovation: Traditional Manufacturing

In 1750, the Industrial Revolution began with the invention of the steam engine. Factories and machines revolutionized the production of products. This made things cheaper. This was followed by the assembly line in the 1900s. Invented by Henry Ford, the assembly line revolutionized production of goods which led to cheaper products. However, a new innovation is set on making products even cheaper.

3D Printing

No matter what happens, 3D printing is the future. It is only just starting to enter the mainstream. With 3D printing, products can be made right in a person's own home. No need for traditional manufacturers of certain products. This will revolutionize industry. It will even revolutionize the medical industry.


Only just emerging now, bioprinting is a in which organs are cloned from a person's own cells using a 3D printer. This makes organ transplants cheaper and more affordable. It also reduces the risk of rejection. This could even have cosmetic applications. If you thought about living forever then here it comes. There are other aspects of local digital manufacturing though.

Synthetic Biology

In 2010, J. Craig Venter created the first synthetic lifeform. A bacteria. Since then, synthetic biology has been used in biomedicine, biomaterials, biofuels, and even bioelectronics. It is only beginning to be used. Synthetic biology could be used for manufacturing. By the late 21st century, we will probably see synthetic humans. By then, nanotechnology will have revolutionized manufacturing.

Future Innovation: Nanomanufacturing and the Replicator

With nanotechnology, we will see something like the replicator in Star Trek. This will cause massive alterations to the economy. With just about anything being able to be produced by a replicator, small-scale and medium-scale manufacturing will have their prices fall to $0. Large-scale manufacturing will be very cheap. Money will likely become obsolete. We will need a new economic system by then.

This is the pinnacle of innovation. Yes, there are other innovations out there. More than can be covered in this series of articles. And now, I have a question for you. What technologies can you say have been innovated over the years?

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